Influence of reflective materials, emitter intensity and foil thickness on the variability of near-infrared spectra of 2D plastic packaging materials

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

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Influence of reflective materials, emitter intensity and foil thickness on the variability of near-infrared spectra of 2D plastic packaging materials. / Koinig, Gerald; Friedrich, Karl; Rutrecht, Bettina; Oreski, Gernot; Barretta, Chiara; Vollprecht, Daniel.

in: Waste management, Jahrgang 144.2022, Nr. 1 May, 01.04.2022, S. 543-551.

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

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@article{baa14be7cc5440c38f475021eece890a,
title = "Influence of reflective materials, emitter intensity and foil thickness on the variability of near-infrared spectra of 2D plastic packaging materials",
abstract = "Most two-dimensional plastic packaging materials are thermally recovered, which does not add to the recycling quota of 50 % required by EU legislation for all lightweight packaging until 2025. Furthermore, the separation processes for 2D materials cannot reach the same level of accuracy, which is possible in the sorting of rigid plastic packaging.This study proposes new adaptations to existing sorting aggregates to increase the near-infrared spectral quality of two-dimensional materials. It aims to improve the spectral quality, which was defined by the deviation of the spectra from a reference spectrum and the variability of the recorded spectra, which can be achieved by installing reflectors behind the material made up of copper or aluminium. This setup enables detection in transflection rather than reflection mode.The variability could be reduced by a factor of 6 through the use of a reflective background. Meanwhile, the spectral fidelity to the reference spectrum could be enhanced, in some cases decreasing the deviation from the reference spectrum by 30 %, which means enhancing a spectrum from unrecognisable to useable. Apart from using reflective materials, the effects of emitter intensity, material and thickness were evaluated.",
keywords = "2D plastic packaging, Near-infrared, Sensor-based sorting, Background material, Transflection",
author = "Gerald Koinig and Karl Friedrich and Bettina Rutrecht and Gernot Oreski and Chiara Barretta and Daniel Vollprecht",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021",
year = "2022",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.wasman.2021.12.019",
language = "English",
volume = "144.2022",
pages = "543--551",
journal = "Waste management",
issn = "0956-053X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1 May",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of reflective materials, emitter intensity and foil thickness on the variability of near-infrared spectra of 2D plastic packaging materials

AU - Koinig, Gerald

AU - Friedrich, Karl

AU - Rutrecht, Bettina

AU - Oreski, Gernot

AU - Barretta, Chiara

AU - Vollprecht, Daniel

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021

PY - 2022/4/1

Y1 - 2022/4/1

N2 - Most two-dimensional plastic packaging materials are thermally recovered, which does not add to the recycling quota of 50 % required by EU legislation for all lightweight packaging until 2025. Furthermore, the separation processes for 2D materials cannot reach the same level of accuracy, which is possible in the sorting of rigid plastic packaging.This study proposes new adaptations to existing sorting aggregates to increase the near-infrared spectral quality of two-dimensional materials. It aims to improve the spectral quality, which was defined by the deviation of the spectra from a reference spectrum and the variability of the recorded spectra, which can be achieved by installing reflectors behind the material made up of copper or aluminium. This setup enables detection in transflection rather than reflection mode.The variability could be reduced by a factor of 6 through the use of a reflective background. Meanwhile, the spectral fidelity to the reference spectrum could be enhanced, in some cases decreasing the deviation from the reference spectrum by 30 %, which means enhancing a spectrum from unrecognisable to useable. Apart from using reflective materials, the effects of emitter intensity, material and thickness were evaluated.

AB - Most two-dimensional plastic packaging materials are thermally recovered, which does not add to the recycling quota of 50 % required by EU legislation for all lightweight packaging until 2025. Furthermore, the separation processes for 2D materials cannot reach the same level of accuracy, which is possible in the sorting of rigid plastic packaging.This study proposes new adaptations to existing sorting aggregates to increase the near-infrared spectral quality of two-dimensional materials. It aims to improve the spectral quality, which was defined by the deviation of the spectra from a reference spectrum and the variability of the recorded spectra, which can be achieved by installing reflectors behind the material made up of copper or aluminium. This setup enables detection in transflection rather than reflection mode.The variability could be reduced by a factor of 6 through the use of a reflective background. Meanwhile, the spectral fidelity to the reference spectrum could be enhanced, in some cases decreasing the deviation from the reference spectrum by 30 %, which means enhancing a spectrum from unrecognisable to useable. Apart from using reflective materials, the effects of emitter intensity, material and thickness were evaluated.

KW - 2D plastic packaging

KW - Near-infrared

KW - Sensor-based sorting

KW - Background material

KW - Transflection

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85129637971&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.wasman.2021.12.019

DO - 10.1016/j.wasman.2021.12.019

M3 - Article

VL - 144.2022

SP - 543

EP - 551

JO - Waste management

JF - Waste management

SN - 0956-053X

IS - 1 May

ER -