Nanoporous polymer-derived activated carbon for hydrogen adsorption and electrochemical energy storage

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

Autoren

  • Christos Tampaxis
  • Georgia Charalambopoulou
  • Theodore Steriotis
  • Claus Rebholz

Externe Organisationseinheiten

  • National Center for Scientific Research Demokritos
  • University of Cyprus

Abstract

The development and in-depth characterization of multifunctional materials with versatile use in energy and environmental applications has been a topic of on-going investigations. In this work, a nanoporous polymer-/polyaniline-derived activated carbon (PDAC), with large surface area (~2200 m 2/g) and large pore volume (~1 cm 3/g), was thoroughly studied towards its applicability for H 2 storage and supercapacitor energy storage. The PDAC demonstrated a superior H 2 adsorption performance under cryogenic conditions, reaching a high and fully reversible excess gravimetric H 2 uptake of ~5.5 wt% at 77 K and ~60 bar, along with a ~8.3 kJ/mol heat of adsorption at zero coverage. Furthermore, thin PDAC electrodes with an aqueous CsCl electrolyte were combined in a supercapacitor cell that exhibited a gravimetric capacitance of ~130 F/g for a 0.5 mV/s scanning rate along with a 99% coulombic efficiency and a 100% capacitance retention after 2500 charge/discharge cycles. The PDAC material showed substantially improved H 2 and electrochemical energy storage performance compared to a well-established commercial activated carbon, which is attributed to the overall smaller pore sizes of the PDAC structure.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer131730
Seitenumfang10
FachzeitschriftChemical Engineering Journal
Jahrgang427.2021
Ausgabenummer1 January
Frühes Online-Datum8 Aug 2021
DOIs
StatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Jan 2022