Optimization of twin screw extrusion using CFD for polymer/nanoclay composites

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@article{184b7677a5bd471a8b09d7bf9981731f,
title = "Optimization of twin screw extrusion using CFD for polymer/nanoclay composites",
abstract = "The aim of this research was the optimization of a co-rotating twin screw extruder for processing polypropylene with layered silicates. The various input parameters of the process itself such as screw speed, flow rate, temperature and pressure as well as the great variety of screw configurations lead to an enormous amount of experimental runs for the optimization. By using CFD simulations some of these parameters can be varied without the need for experiments. In order to verify the simulated results, experimental runs have been performed. The compounded materials consisted of 90 wt% PP (Bormed DM55 pharm or BB 412 E both from Borealis) with 5 wt% compatibilizer (BYK Scona TPPP 2112GA) and 5 wt% layered silicate (Rockwood Nanofil{\textregistered}5). The viscosity was measured using different rheometers, as an input parameter for the isothermal simulations. The pressure profiles, mixing index and dissipative energy input along the screw elements were simulated utilizing Polyflow simulation package from Ansys Inc.. The regions where the simulations showed zero pressure where assumed to be starved regions. These regions were also be verified in the “screw pull out” experiments. In addition the pressure was measured along the screw and compared to the simulations. The experiments where done with the polymer nanocomposites injection molding compounder (PNC-IMC), consisting of a Leistritz ZSE 27 MAXX 44D compounder and an Engel e-motion 740/180T injection molding machine. The final part (tensile specimen or plates for SAXS measurements) were processed directly with the PNC-IMC with only one plasticizing process. Instead of backward conveying elements, the optimized screw consisted of mixing and kneading elements leading to lower pressures and lower dissipative energy inputs and a longer residence time. The exfoliation of layered silicates and therefore the tensile strength of the material are often related to the shearing and residence time. However, the longer residence time in these experiments, did not compensate the lower dissipative energy input. The SAXS measurement also showed that the standard geometry had a higher exfoliation rate than the optimized screw.",
author = "Stephan Schuschnigg and Markus Battisti and Joachim Winkler-Ebner and Walter Friesenbichler and Clemens Holzer",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
journal = "AIP Conference Proceedings",
issn = "0094-243X",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Publising LLC",
note = "null ; Conference date: 21-09-2015 Through 25-09-2015",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimization of twin screw extrusion using CFD for polymer/nanoclay composites

AU - Schuschnigg, Stephan

AU - Battisti, Markus

AU - Winkler-Ebner, Joachim

AU - Friesenbichler, Walter

AU - Holzer, Clemens

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The aim of this research was the optimization of a co-rotating twin screw extruder for processing polypropylene with layered silicates. The various input parameters of the process itself such as screw speed, flow rate, temperature and pressure as well as the great variety of screw configurations lead to an enormous amount of experimental runs for the optimization. By using CFD simulations some of these parameters can be varied without the need for experiments. In order to verify the simulated results, experimental runs have been performed. The compounded materials consisted of 90 wt% PP (Bormed DM55 pharm or BB 412 E both from Borealis) with 5 wt% compatibilizer (BYK Scona TPPP 2112GA) and 5 wt% layered silicate (Rockwood Nanofil®5). The viscosity was measured using different rheometers, as an input parameter for the isothermal simulations. The pressure profiles, mixing index and dissipative energy input along the screw elements were simulated utilizing Polyflow simulation package from Ansys Inc.. The regions where the simulations showed zero pressure where assumed to be starved regions. These regions were also be verified in the “screw pull out” experiments. In addition the pressure was measured along the screw and compared to the simulations. The experiments where done with the polymer nanocomposites injection molding compounder (PNC-IMC), consisting of a Leistritz ZSE 27 MAXX 44D compounder and an Engel e-motion 740/180T injection molding machine. The final part (tensile specimen or plates for SAXS measurements) were processed directly with the PNC-IMC with only one plasticizing process. Instead of backward conveying elements, the optimized screw consisted of mixing and kneading elements leading to lower pressures and lower dissipative energy inputs and a longer residence time. The exfoliation of layered silicates and therefore the tensile strength of the material are often related to the shearing and residence time. However, the longer residence time in these experiments, did not compensate the lower dissipative energy input. The SAXS measurement also showed that the standard geometry had a higher exfoliation rate than the optimized screw.

AB - The aim of this research was the optimization of a co-rotating twin screw extruder for processing polypropylene with layered silicates. The various input parameters of the process itself such as screw speed, flow rate, temperature and pressure as well as the great variety of screw configurations lead to an enormous amount of experimental runs for the optimization. By using CFD simulations some of these parameters can be varied without the need for experiments. In order to verify the simulated results, experimental runs have been performed. The compounded materials consisted of 90 wt% PP (Bormed DM55 pharm or BB 412 E both from Borealis) with 5 wt% compatibilizer (BYK Scona TPPP 2112GA) and 5 wt% layered silicate (Rockwood Nanofil®5). The viscosity was measured using different rheometers, as an input parameter for the isothermal simulations. The pressure profiles, mixing index and dissipative energy input along the screw elements were simulated utilizing Polyflow simulation package from Ansys Inc.. The regions where the simulations showed zero pressure where assumed to be starved regions. These regions were also be verified in the “screw pull out” experiments. In addition the pressure was measured along the screw and compared to the simulations. The experiments where done with the polymer nanocomposites injection molding compounder (PNC-IMC), consisting of a Leistritz ZSE 27 MAXX 44D compounder and an Engel e-motion 740/180T injection molding machine. The final part (tensile specimen or plates for SAXS measurements) were processed directly with the PNC-IMC with only one plasticizing process. Instead of backward conveying elements, the optimized screw consisted of mixing and kneading elements leading to lower pressures and lower dissipative energy inputs and a longer residence time. The exfoliation of layered silicates and therefore the tensile strength of the material are often related to the shearing and residence time. However, the longer residence time in these experiments, did not compensate the lower dissipative energy input. The SAXS measurement also showed that the standard geometry had a higher exfoliation rate than the optimized screw.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4965472

M3 - Article

JO - AIP Conference Proceedings

JF - AIP Conference Proceedings

SN - 0094-243X

Y2 - 21 September 2015 through 25 September 2015

ER -