Solute drag assessment of grain boundary migration in Au

Publikationen: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelForschung(peer-reviewed)

Autoren

  • Ayush Suhane
  • Daniel Scheiber
  • Maxim Popov
  • Vsevolod I. Razumovskiy
  • Matthias Militzer

Externe Organisationseinheiten

  • University of British Columbia
  • Materials Center Leoben Forschungs GmbH

Abstract

Solute atoms segregate and impose a retarding pressure, also known as solute drag pressure, at the grain boundary (GB) leading to reduced GB migration rates. The solute drag pressure depends critically on the segregation energy and the solute diffusivity across the GB. These parameters are, however, typically used as adjustable parameters to describe experimental observations. Here, we present an approach to analyze solute drag based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations. As an example, we apply the proposed approach to available experimental data for migration rates of the 30 <111> GB in Au with Fe and Bi impurities at the ppm level. Based on the DFT calculations, Bi is identified as a strongly segregating element while Fe segregation is weak in comparison. The effective segregation energy for Bi is found to vary from −0.59 eV to −0.72 eV in the experimentally investigated temperature range of 500–610 K. Further, the activation energy for trans−GB diffusion of Bi is calculated with DFT to fall into the range of 0.5–0.6 eV. These DFT based values are consistent with those obtained by the conventional solute drag analysis of the experimental data using the Cahn−Lücke−Stüwe (CLS) model. The proposed approach is discussed in terms of its strengths for trend predictions as well as its quantitative uncertainties.

Details

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer117473
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftActa materialia
Jahrgang224.2022
Ausgabenummer1 February
Frühes Online-Datum19 Nov 2021
DOIs
StatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Feb 2022