A Novel Pyrometallurgical Recycling Process for Lithium-IonBatteries and Its Application to the Recycling of LCO and LFP

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@article{57c5385a0dd648bd862512a3bc07ba67,
title = "A Novel Pyrometallurgical Recycling Process for Lithium-IonBatteries and Its Application to the Recycling of LCO and LFP",
abstract = "The bottleneck of recycling chains for spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is the recovery of valuable metals from the black matter that remains after dismantling and deactivation in pre treatment processes, which has to be treated in a subsequent step with pyrometallurgical and/or hydro-metallurgical methods. In the course of this paper, investigations in a heating microscope were conducted to determine the high-temperature behavior of the cathode materials lithium cobalt oxide (LCO—chem., LiCoO2) and lithium iron phosphate (LFP—chem., LiFePO4) from LIB with carbon addition. For the purpose of continuous process development of a novel pyrometallurgical recycling process and adaptation of this to the requirements of the LIB material, two different reactor designs were examined. When treating LCO in an Al2O3 crucible, lithium could be removed at a rate of 76% via the gas stream, which is directly and purely available for further processing. In contrast, a removal rate of lithium of up to 97% was achieved in an MgO crucible. In addition, the basic capability of the concept for the treatment of LFP was investigated whereby a phosphorus removal rate of 64% with a simultaneous lithium removal rate of 68% was observed. ",
author = "Alexandra Holzer and Stefan Windisch-Kern and Christoph Ponak and Harald Raupenstrauch",
year = "2021",
month = jan,
day = "14",
doi = "https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010149",
language = "English",
volume = "2021",
pages = "1--22",
journal = "Metals : open access journal ",
issn = "2075-4701",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "11",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - A Novel Pyrometallurgical Recycling Process for Lithium-IonBatteries and Its Application to the Recycling of LCO and LFP

AU - Holzer, Alexandra

AU - Windisch-Kern, Stefan

AU - Ponak, Christoph

AU - Raupenstrauch, Harald

PY - 2021/1/14

Y1 - 2021/1/14

N2 - The bottleneck of recycling chains for spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is the recovery of valuable metals from the black matter that remains after dismantling and deactivation in pre treatment processes, which has to be treated in a subsequent step with pyrometallurgical and/or hydro-metallurgical methods. In the course of this paper, investigations in a heating microscope were conducted to determine the high-temperature behavior of the cathode materials lithium cobalt oxide (LCO—chem., LiCoO2) and lithium iron phosphate (LFP—chem., LiFePO4) from LIB with carbon addition. For the purpose of continuous process development of a novel pyrometallurgical recycling process and adaptation of this to the requirements of the LIB material, two different reactor designs were examined. When treating LCO in an Al2O3 crucible, lithium could be removed at a rate of 76% via the gas stream, which is directly and purely available for further processing. In contrast, a removal rate of lithium of up to 97% was achieved in an MgO crucible. In addition, the basic capability of the concept for the treatment of LFP was investigated whereby a phosphorus removal rate of 64% with a simultaneous lithium removal rate of 68% was observed.

AB - The bottleneck of recycling chains for spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is the recovery of valuable metals from the black matter that remains after dismantling and deactivation in pre treatment processes, which has to be treated in a subsequent step with pyrometallurgical and/or hydro-metallurgical methods. In the course of this paper, investigations in a heating microscope were conducted to determine the high-temperature behavior of the cathode materials lithium cobalt oxide (LCO—chem., LiCoO2) and lithium iron phosphate (LFP—chem., LiFePO4) from LIB with carbon addition. For the purpose of continuous process development of a novel pyrometallurgical recycling process and adaptation of this to the requirements of the LIB material, two different reactor designs were examined. When treating LCO in an Al2O3 crucible, lithium could be removed at a rate of 76% via the gas stream, which is directly and purely available for further processing. In contrast, a removal rate of lithium of up to 97% was achieved in an MgO crucible. In addition, the basic capability of the concept for the treatment of LFP was investigated whereby a phosphorus removal rate of 64% with a simultaneous lithium removal rate of 68% was observed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85100176019&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010149

DO - https://doi.org/10.3390/met11010149

M3 - Article

VL - 2021

SP - 1

EP - 22

JO - Metals : open access journal

JF - Metals : open access journal

SN - 2075-4701

IS - 11

M1 - 149

ER -