Adaptive and parameterised 3D BIM model for the tunnel tender and excavation phase

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External Organisational units

  • Institute of Materials Science and Technology

Abstract

Building information modelling (BIM) is a frequently discussed topic in tunnelling since it promises less loss of information and reduced lifetime cost of underground infrastructure. There is still some way to go as standardisation in this sector is immature, the implementation of three-dimensional (3D) BIM models is developed for pilot cases of tunnelling only, and data transfer between software tools is a challenge. The long linear structures of tunnels make a specific approach of parameterised and adaptive modelling necessary to meet the requirements of repetitive construction elements and the natural differences of forecast and actual excavation conditions. This approach renders the matching of construction elements in the model and service items feasible for determining quantities for the tender and billing in tunnel projects. In this article, we show that only 57 % of service items can actually be linked to a physical item in traditional two-dimensional (2D) design and highlight the need to consider how to incorporate these items into a BIM model. We also use a case study to propose an approach for parameterised and adaptive modelling of repetitive construction elements and show a way of a continuous data transfer from the forecast tunnelling class distribution via 3D BIM modelling to a billing software without data loss.