Biomarker and compound-specific isotope records across the Toarcian CIE at the Dormettingen section in SW Germany

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Biomarker and compound-specific isotope records across the Toarcian CIE at the Dormettingen section in SW Germany. / Ajuaba, Stephen; Sachsenhofer, Reinhard F.; Bechtel, Achim et al.

In: International Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 111.2022, No. 5, 07.2022, p. 1631-1661.

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@article{82d4f256dd6d44b7bbd58373666889ad,
title = "Biomarker and compound-specific isotope records across the Toarcian CIE at the Dormettingen section in SW Germany",
abstract = "The Toarcian oceanic anoxic event (T-OAE) is associated with a prominent negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE; ~ 183 million years (Myr)). About 10-m-thick organic matter-rich sediments accumulated during the T-OAE in the Southwest German Basin (SWGB). Rock–Eval, maceral and biomarker analysis were used to determine variations of environmental conditions across the CIE interval. Carbon isotope records were determined for various n-alkanes, pristane and phytane to contribute to the reconstruction of the paleo-environment and to study the factors controlling molecular δ13C values. Geochemical redox indicators provide evidence for photic zone anoxia during the Toarcian CIE, which reached its maximum after deposition of the “Unterer Stein” marker horizon. The 2α-methylhopane index suggests enhanced activity of diazotrophic cyanobacteria, which is also supported by nitrogen isotope data. This distinguishes the SWGB from other basins with Toarcian black shale. Oxygen-depleted conditions, albeit with lower intensity continued after the CIE. All investigated compounds replicate the negative CIE, but the magnitudes vary considerably. The largest shift is observed for n-C27 (9‰) and reflects the combined effect of the global CIE and a major change in organic matter input (termination of terrigenous organic matter input). The shift for short-chain n-alkanes, pristane, and phytane, interpreted to reflect marine biomass, varies between 4.5 and 5.0‰. This is the highest value observed so far for any Toarcian section. δ13C values of pristane and phytane reach a minimum near the base of the CIE interval and increase upsection. Thus, the maximum negative isotope shift predates the strongest basin restriction by about 450 thousand years (kyr).",
keywords = "Organic geochemistry, Photic zone anoxia, Water column stratification, Bacterial activity, Oceanic anoxic event",
author = "Stephen Ajuaba and Sachsenhofer, {Reinhard F.} and Achim Bechtel and Francesca Galasso and Doris Gross and David Misch and Elke Schneebeli-Hermann",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022, The Author(s).",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1007/s00531-022-02196-z",
language = "English",
volume = "111.2022",
pages = "1631--1661",
journal = "International journal of earth sciences : Geologische Rundschau : GR ; Geologische Rundschau",
issn = "1437-3254",
publisher = "Springer Berlin",
number = "5",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Biomarker and compound-specific isotope records across the Toarcian CIE at the Dormettingen section in SW Germany

AU - Ajuaba, Stephen

AU - Sachsenhofer, Reinhard F.

AU - Bechtel, Achim

AU - Galasso, Francesca

AU - Gross, Doris

AU - Misch, David

AU - Schneebeli-Hermann, Elke

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - The Toarcian oceanic anoxic event (T-OAE) is associated with a prominent negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE; ~ 183 million years (Myr)). About 10-m-thick organic matter-rich sediments accumulated during the T-OAE in the Southwest German Basin (SWGB). Rock–Eval, maceral and biomarker analysis were used to determine variations of environmental conditions across the CIE interval. Carbon isotope records were determined for various n-alkanes, pristane and phytane to contribute to the reconstruction of the paleo-environment and to study the factors controlling molecular δ13C values. Geochemical redox indicators provide evidence for photic zone anoxia during the Toarcian CIE, which reached its maximum after deposition of the “Unterer Stein” marker horizon. The 2α-methylhopane index suggests enhanced activity of diazotrophic cyanobacteria, which is also supported by nitrogen isotope data. This distinguishes the SWGB from other basins with Toarcian black shale. Oxygen-depleted conditions, albeit with lower intensity continued after the CIE. All investigated compounds replicate the negative CIE, but the magnitudes vary considerably. The largest shift is observed for n-C27 (9‰) and reflects the combined effect of the global CIE and a major change in organic matter input (termination of terrigenous organic matter input). The shift for short-chain n-alkanes, pristane, and phytane, interpreted to reflect marine biomass, varies between 4.5 and 5.0‰. This is the highest value observed so far for any Toarcian section. δ13C values of pristane and phytane reach a minimum near the base of the CIE interval and increase upsection. Thus, the maximum negative isotope shift predates the strongest basin restriction by about 450 thousand years (kyr).

AB - The Toarcian oceanic anoxic event (T-OAE) is associated with a prominent negative carbon isotope excursion (CIE; ~ 183 million years (Myr)). About 10-m-thick organic matter-rich sediments accumulated during the T-OAE in the Southwest German Basin (SWGB). Rock–Eval, maceral and biomarker analysis were used to determine variations of environmental conditions across the CIE interval. Carbon isotope records were determined for various n-alkanes, pristane and phytane to contribute to the reconstruction of the paleo-environment and to study the factors controlling molecular δ13C values. Geochemical redox indicators provide evidence for photic zone anoxia during the Toarcian CIE, which reached its maximum after deposition of the “Unterer Stein” marker horizon. The 2α-methylhopane index suggests enhanced activity of diazotrophic cyanobacteria, which is also supported by nitrogen isotope data. This distinguishes the SWGB from other basins with Toarcian black shale. Oxygen-depleted conditions, albeit with lower intensity continued after the CIE. All investigated compounds replicate the negative CIE, but the magnitudes vary considerably. The largest shift is observed for n-C27 (9‰) and reflects the combined effect of the global CIE and a major change in organic matter input (termination of terrigenous organic matter input). The shift for short-chain n-alkanes, pristane, and phytane, interpreted to reflect marine biomass, varies between 4.5 and 5.0‰. This is the highest value observed so far for any Toarcian section. δ13C values of pristane and phytane reach a minimum near the base of the CIE interval and increase upsection. Thus, the maximum negative isotope shift predates the strongest basin restriction by about 450 thousand years (kyr).

KW - Organic geochemistry

KW - Photic zone anoxia

KW - Water column stratification

KW - Bacterial activity

KW - Oceanic anoxic event

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85130566873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00531-022-02196-z

DO - 10.1007/s00531-022-02196-z

M3 - Article

VL - 111.2022

SP - 1631

EP - 1661

JO - International journal of earth sciences : Geologische Rundschau : GR ; Geologische Rundschau

JF - International journal of earth sciences : Geologische Rundschau : GR ; Geologische Rundschau

SN - 1437-3254

IS - 5

ER -