Crack Initiation and Propagation Fatigue Life of Ultra High-Strength Steel Butt Joints

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  • voestalpine Stahl Linz GmbH

Abstract

The division of the total fatigue life into different stages such as crack initiation and propagation is an important issue in regard to an improved fatigue assessment especially for high-strength welded joints. The transition between these stages is fluent, whereas the threshold between the two phases is referred to as technical crack initiation. This work presents a procedure to track crack initiation and propagation during fatigue tests of ultra high-strength steel welded joints. The method utilizes digital image correlation to calculate a distortion field of the specimens' surface enabling the identification and measurement of cracks along the weld toe arising during the fatigue test. Hence, technical crack initiation of each specimen can be derived. An evaluation for ten ultra high-strength steel butt joints reveals, that for this superior strength steel grade more than 50% of fatigue life is spent up to a crack depth of 0.5 mm, which can be defined as initial crack. Furthermore, a notch-stress based fatigue assessment of these specimens considering the actual weld topography and crack initiation and propagation phase is performed. The results point out that two phase models considering both phases enable an increased accuracy of service life assessment.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number4590
Journal Applied Sciences
Volume9.2019
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019