Evaluation of different alloying concepts to trace non-metallic inclusions by adding rare earths on a laboratory scale

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Evaluation of different alloying concepts to trace non-metallic inclusions by adding rare earths on a laboratory scale. / Thiele, Kathrin; Presoly, Peter; Ernst, Daniel et al.

In: Ironmaking and steelmaking, Vol. 2022 ???, No. ??? Stand: 30.Dezember 2022, 27.09.2022.

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@article{4d1f27d77afd4060b15de05528bbd233,
title = "Evaluation of different alloying concepts to trace non-metallic inclusions by adding rare earths on a laboratory scale",
abstract = "Different alloying concepts to trace deoxidation products, mainly aluminium oxides, using rare earth elements (REEs), were tested on the laboratory scale by melting trials with a high-frequency remelting furnace. Lanthanum and Cerium, which belong to the group of light REEs, were used for these experiments. The formed multiphase inclusions were characterized by scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy. Concerning the higher atomic numbers of REEs, traced non-metallic inclusions (NMIs) seem brighter than the steel matrix compared to deoxidation products. REE-traced aluminium oxides showed a primarily heterogeneous and almost globular morphology. The mean equivalent circle diameter of REE-containing NMIs is for all trials similar and is about 2 µm. The experimental results pointed out that the recovery rates of the various alloying concepts differ only slightly. In contrast, the values mainly depend on the surface-to-volume ratio and the amount of oxygen in the melt.",
keywords = "non-metallic inclusions, steel cleanness, rare earth elements, control technique, formation mechanism, alloying concepts, automated SEM/EDS",
author = "Kathrin Thiele and Peter Presoly and Daniel Ernst and {Ramesh Babu}, Shashank and Michelic, {Susanne Katharina}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.",
year = "2022",
month = sep,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1080/03019233.2022.2124816",
language = "English",
volume = "2022 ???",
journal = "Ironmaking and steelmaking",
issn = "0301-9233",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "??? Stand: 30.Dezember 2022",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of different alloying concepts to trace non-metallic inclusions by adding rare earths on a laboratory scale

AU - Thiele, Kathrin

AU - Presoly, Peter

AU - Ernst, Daniel

AU - Ramesh Babu, Shashank

AU - Michelic, Susanne Katharina

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

PY - 2022/9/27

Y1 - 2022/9/27

N2 - Different alloying concepts to trace deoxidation products, mainly aluminium oxides, using rare earth elements (REEs), were tested on the laboratory scale by melting trials with a high-frequency remelting furnace. Lanthanum and Cerium, which belong to the group of light REEs, were used for these experiments. The formed multiphase inclusions were characterized by scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy. Concerning the higher atomic numbers of REEs, traced non-metallic inclusions (NMIs) seem brighter than the steel matrix compared to deoxidation products. REE-traced aluminium oxides showed a primarily heterogeneous and almost globular morphology. The mean equivalent circle diameter of REE-containing NMIs is for all trials similar and is about 2 µm. The experimental results pointed out that the recovery rates of the various alloying concepts differ only slightly. In contrast, the values mainly depend on the surface-to-volume ratio and the amount of oxygen in the melt.

AB - Different alloying concepts to trace deoxidation products, mainly aluminium oxides, using rare earth elements (REEs), were tested on the laboratory scale by melting trials with a high-frequency remelting furnace. Lanthanum and Cerium, which belong to the group of light REEs, were used for these experiments. The formed multiphase inclusions were characterized by scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy. Concerning the higher atomic numbers of REEs, traced non-metallic inclusions (NMIs) seem brighter than the steel matrix compared to deoxidation products. REE-traced aluminium oxides showed a primarily heterogeneous and almost globular morphology. The mean equivalent circle diameter of REE-containing NMIs is for all trials similar and is about 2 µm. The experimental results pointed out that the recovery rates of the various alloying concepts differ only slightly. In contrast, the values mainly depend on the surface-to-volume ratio and the amount of oxygen in the melt.

KW - non-metallic inclusions

KW - steel cleanness

KW - rare earth elements

KW - control technique

KW - formation mechanism

KW - alloying concepts

KW - automated SEM/EDS

UR - https://pure.unileoben.ac.at/portal/en/publications/evaluation-of-different-alloying-concepts-to-trace-nonmetallic-inclusions-by-adding-rare-earths-on-a-laboratory-scale(4d1f27d7-7afd-4060-b15d-e05528bbd233).html

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85139394071&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/03019233.2022.2124816

DO - 10.1080/03019233.2022.2124816

M3 - Article

VL - 2022 ???

JO - Ironmaking and steelmaking

JF - Ironmaking and steelmaking

SN - 0301-9233

IS - ??? Stand: 30.Dezember 2022

ER -