Fracture behaviour of magnesia refractory materials in tension with the Brazilian test

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


  • Yawei Li
  • Xiaofeng Xu
  • Qingyou zhu
  • Wen Yan

Organisational units

External Organisational units

  • The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy


In this work, the tensile failure of magnesia, rebound magnesia-chrome and chrome-containing magnesia-spinel refractories under the Brazilian test were investigated. The digital image correlation and acoustic emission were applied simultaneously for ensuring the validity of Brazilian test and studying the fracture process. The brittle refractories fail abruptly while reaching their load peaks because of the unstable crack propagation. However, the chrome-containing magnesia-spinel refractory shows a reduced brittleness due to the pre-existing microcracks, which promotes quasi-stable crack propagation evidenced by the nonlinearity in the pre-peak region and the softening in the post-peak region. Besides, the thickness-to-diameter ratio has a great influence on the fracture behaviour, which also shows brittleness dependence. The fracture behaviour of rebound magnesia-chrome refractory varies from brittle to less brittle while the thickness increasing from 10 mm to 50 mm. The quasi-stable crack propagation favors the central crack initiation and ensures the tensile failure under the Brazilian test.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5433-5441
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number16
Early online date19 Jul 2019
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019