Impact of steel ladle preheating on the decarburization of a MgO-C refractory lining

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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@phdthesis{7d988defcc3540bd9190774174ce6dbc,
title = "Impact of steel ladle preheating on the decarburization of a MgO-C refractory lining",
abstract = "Steel ladles are lined with a variety of refractories including shaped and unshaped, basic and non-basic materials. In many cases magnesia carbon bricks are applied to the slag area as they show an excellent corrosion resistance. The disadvantage of magnesia carbon refractories is their limited oxidation resistance. Steel ladles need to be preheated to avoid thermal shock damage to the refractory lining. During preheating up to the temperature of 1000 °C a considerable oxygen content in the exhaust gas favors carbon burnout in MgO-C refractories at elevated temperatures and thereby, negatively influences their initial corrosion and erosion resistance. The aim of this thesis was to analyze the impact of steel ladle preheating on possible decarburization of MgO-C refractories. This was done by establishing a kinetic model for carbon burnout in MgO-C refractories and experimentally evaluating it at laboratory scale. Further, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of ladle preheating was executed to obtain the necessary process data. With the help of the proposed kinetic model and applying simulated process data the decarburization depth in MgO-C refractory during ladle preheating was calculated for various material types.",
keywords = "Magnesia-carbon bricks, refractories, CFD, carbon burnout, Magnesiacarbonstein, CFD Simulation, Feuerfestmaterial, Kohlenstoffausbrand",
author = "Magdalena Drozd-Rys",
note = "embargoed until null",
year = "2015",
language = "English",

}

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TY - THES

T1 - Impact of steel ladle preheating on the decarburization of a MgO-C refractory lining

AU - Drozd-Rys, Magdalena

N1 - embargoed until null

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Steel ladles are lined with a variety of refractories including shaped and unshaped, basic and non-basic materials. In many cases magnesia carbon bricks are applied to the slag area as they show an excellent corrosion resistance. The disadvantage of magnesia carbon refractories is their limited oxidation resistance. Steel ladles need to be preheated to avoid thermal shock damage to the refractory lining. During preheating up to the temperature of 1000 °C a considerable oxygen content in the exhaust gas favors carbon burnout in MgO-C refractories at elevated temperatures and thereby, negatively influences their initial corrosion and erosion resistance. The aim of this thesis was to analyze the impact of steel ladle preheating on possible decarburization of MgO-C refractories. This was done by establishing a kinetic model for carbon burnout in MgO-C refractories and experimentally evaluating it at laboratory scale. Further, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of ladle preheating was executed to obtain the necessary process data. With the help of the proposed kinetic model and applying simulated process data the decarburization depth in MgO-C refractory during ladle preheating was calculated for various material types.

AB - Steel ladles are lined with a variety of refractories including shaped and unshaped, basic and non-basic materials. In many cases magnesia carbon bricks are applied to the slag area as they show an excellent corrosion resistance. The disadvantage of magnesia carbon refractories is their limited oxidation resistance. Steel ladles need to be preheated to avoid thermal shock damage to the refractory lining. During preheating up to the temperature of 1000 °C a considerable oxygen content in the exhaust gas favors carbon burnout in MgO-C refractories at elevated temperatures and thereby, negatively influences their initial corrosion and erosion resistance. The aim of this thesis was to analyze the impact of steel ladle preheating on possible decarburization of MgO-C refractories. This was done by establishing a kinetic model for carbon burnout in MgO-C refractories and experimentally evaluating it at laboratory scale. Further, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of ladle preheating was executed to obtain the necessary process data. With the help of the proposed kinetic model and applying simulated process data the decarburization depth in MgO-C refractory during ladle preheating was calculated for various material types.

KW - Magnesia-carbon bricks

KW - refractories

KW - CFD

KW - carbon burnout

KW - Magnesiacarbonstein

KW - CFD Simulation

KW - Feuerfestmaterial

KW - Kohlenstoffausbrand

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -