Microstructures, mechanical properties and deformation of near-rapidly solidified low-density Fe-20Mn-9Al-1.2C-xCr steels
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The effects of Cr addition on microstructures, mechanical properties and deformation behavior of near-rapidly solidified low-density Fe-20Mn-9Al-1.2C (wt. %) steel strips were investigated. It was found that Cr addition increased the volume fraction and size of δ-ferrite, and decreased the precipitation of κ-carbides in this low-density steel strip. The yield strength of the near-rapidly solidified steel strips was decreased significantly, but the ultimate tensile strength and the total elongation didn't obviously change. However, after cold rolling with 20% reduction, the yield strength and ultimate tensile strength of Cr-containing steel strips were significantly higher than that of the Cr-free steel strip. It was attributed to the fact that the decrease of κ-carbides caused by Cr addition facilitated the formation of high-density slip bands during cold rolling deformation. The ultimate tensile strength and total elongation of cold-rolled 3Cr (wt. %) steel strip were 1270 MPa and 21%, respectively. A double (Slip-band and Microband) hardening mechanism was proposed for the strain hardening behavior of the low-density steel strips, and the number of nanoscale κ-carbides played a crucial role in the strain hardening rate at the early strain stage.