The Docimium Marbles of the Sculptures of the Grotto of Tiberius at Sperlonga

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The Docimium Marbles of the Sculptures of the Grotto of Tiberius at Sperlonga. / Bruno, Matthias; Attanasio, Donato; Prochaska, Walter.

In: American Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 119, No. 3, 2015, p. 375-394.

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@article{4e5a0a0f36c24b0485b3890eee951952,
title = "The Docimium Marbles of the Sculptures of the Grotto of Tiberius at Sperlonga",
abstract = "Seventeen marble samples drawn from the Scylla, Polyphemos, and Pasquino Groups, the Theft of the Palladium statue group, and the Ganymede statue discovered at Sperlonga in 1957 were investigated scientifically and proved to be all Docimium marble from the quarries of İscehisar near Afyon. New quarry data now available for the lithos lartios of Rhodes and for the white marble of the island of Kos and the quarries of G{\"o}ktepe near Aphrodisias allow us to rule out old hypotheses as well as newly discovered sources of marble. These results as well as technical details about the manufacture of the sculptures seem to fully cohere with Andreae’s hypothesis that the Sperlonga groups were made on-site during the Tiberian age. They also tend to exclude alternative chronologies. The same arguments, however, make it difficult to believe that the Sperlonga sculptures and the Laoco{\"o}n, thought to be made by the same Rhodian sculptors (Plin., HN 36.37) joining together several blocks of Parian Lychnites, are coeval. This apparent incongruity is briefly discussed, and the possibility of reconciling prosopographical and art historical considerations with technical marble data is examined.",
author = "Matthias Bruno and Donato Attanasio and Walter Prochaska",
year = "2015",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "375--394",
journal = "American Journal of Archaeology",
issn = "0002-9114",
publisher = "Archaeological Institute of America",
number = "3",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The Docimium Marbles of the Sculptures of the Grotto of Tiberius at Sperlonga

AU - Bruno, Matthias

AU - Attanasio, Donato

AU - Prochaska, Walter

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Seventeen marble samples drawn from the Scylla, Polyphemos, and Pasquino Groups, the Theft of the Palladium statue group, and the Ganymede statue discovered at Sperlonga in 1957 were investigated scientifically and proved to be all Docimium marble from the quarries of İscehisar near Afyon. New quarry data now available for the lithos lartios of Rhodes and for the white marble of the island of Kos and the quarries of Göktepe near Aphrodisias allow us to rule out old hypotheses as well as newly discovered sources of marble. These results as well as technical details about the manufacture of the sculptures seem to fully cohere with Andreae’s hypothesis that the Sperlonga groups were made on-site during the Tiberian age. They also tend to exclude alternative chronologies. The same arguments, however, make it difficult to believe that the Sperlonga sculptures and the Laocoön, thought to be made by the same Rhodian sculptors (Plin., HN 36.37) joining together several blocks of Parian Lychnites, are coeval. This apparent incongruity is briefly discussed, and the possibility of reconciling prosopographical and art historical considerations with technical marble data is examined.

AB - Seventeen marble samples drawn from the Scylla, Polyphemos, and Pasquino Groups, the Theft of the Palladium statue group, and the Ganymede statue discovered at Sperlonga in 1957 were investigated scientifically and proved to be all Docimium marble from the quarries of İscehisar near Afyon. New quarry data now available for the lithos lartios of Rhodes and for the white marble of the island of Kos and the quarries of Göktepe near Aphrodisias allow us to rule out old hypotheses as well as newly discovered sources of marble. These results as well as technical details about the manufacture of the sculptures seem to fully cohere with Andreae’s hypothesis that the Sperlonga groups were made on-site during the Tiberian age. They also tend to exclude alternative chronologies. The same arguments, however, make it difficult to believe that the Sperlonga sculptures and the Laocoön, thought to be made by the same Rhodian sculptors (Plin., HN 36.37) joining together several blocks of Parian Lychnites, are coeval. This apparent incongruity is briefly discussed, and the possibility of reconciling prosopographical and art historical considerations with technical marble data is examined.

M3 - Article

VL - 119

SP - 375

EP - 394

JO - American Journal of Archaeology

JF - American Journal of Archaeology

SN - 0002-9114

IS - 3

ER -