The "ReWaste4.0" Project - A Review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review



ReWaste4.0 is an innovative and cooperative K-Project in the period 2017–2021. Through ReWaste4.0 the transformation of the non-hazardous mixed municipal and commercial waste treatment industry towards a circular economy has started by investigating and applying the new ap-proaches of the Industry 4.0. Vision of the ReWaste4.0 is, among others, the development of treatment plants for non-hazardous waste into a “Smart Waste Factory” in which a digital communication and interconnection between material quality and machine as well as plant performance is reached. After four years of research and development, various results have been gained and the present review article summarizes, links and discuss the outputs (especially from peer-reviewed papers) of seven sub-projects, in total, within the K-project and discusses the main findings and their relevance and importance for further development of the waste treatment sector. Results are allocated into three areas, namely: contaminants in mixed waste and technical possibilities for their reduction as well as removal; secondary raw and energy materials in mixed waste and digitalization in waste characterization and treatment processes for mixed waste. The research conducted in Re-Waste4.0 will be continued in ReWaste F for further development towards a particle-, sensor-and data-based circular economy in the period 2021–2025.


Original languageEnglish
Article number764
Number of pages29
JournalProcesses : open access journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2021