Validated multi-physical finite element modelling of the spot welding process of the advanced high strength steel dp1200hd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


  • Konstantin Prabitz
  • Marlies Pichler
  • Holger Schubert
  • Benjamin Hilpert
  • Martin Gruber
  • Robert Sierlinger
  • Werner Ecker

Organisational units

External Organisational units

  • Materials Center Leoben Forschungs GmbH
  • Mercedes-Benz AG
  • voestalpine Stahl Linz GmbH


Resistance spot welding (RSW) is a common joining technique in the production of car bodies in white for example, because of its high degree of automation, its short process time, and its reliability. While different steel grades and even dissimilar metals can be joined with this method, the current paper focuses on similar joints of galvanized advanced high strength steel (AHSS), namely dual phase steel with a yield strength of 1200 MPa and high ductility (DP1200HD). This material offers potential for light-weight design. The current work presents a multi-physical finite element (FE) model of the RSW process which gives insights into the local loading and material state, and which forms the basis for future investigations of the local risk of liquid metal assisted cracking and the effect of different process parameters on this risk. The model covers the evolution of the electrical, thermal, mechanical, and metallurgical fields during the complete spot welding process. Phase transformations like base material to austenite and further to steel melt during heating and all relevant transformations while cooling are considered. The model was fully parametrized based on lab scale material testing, accompanying model-based parameter determination, and literature data, and was validated against a large variety of optically inspected burst opened spot welds and micrographs of the welds.


Original languageEnglish
Article number5411
Number of pages19
Journal Materials
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 18 Sep 2021